A major reason why chlorine is a preferred choice for sanitizing pools is because even in low concentration, it is able to eliminate bacteria very easily and quickly. And compared to other sanitizers like UV and ozone, chlorine works for a considerably longer duration. Once the right chlorine level is achieved, you only need to test that level on a weekly basis and add more if required. Most people can easily tell whether a swimming pool is chlorinated through its strong smell. An interesting fact is that chlorine itself is not responsible for the smell.
The smell is due to chloramines chemical compounds found in pools being disinfected by the chlorine. So, in a way, it is wrong to believe that a swimming pool with a strong smell has a lot of chlorine added to it. The smell is due to contaminants in the water, brought in by swimmers. A lot of people believe that the eyes turn red in a swimming pool because of the high chlorine content in pool water.
Again, this has no direct relation with chlorine or the amount of chlorine in the water.
Just like the smell, chloramines are responsible for causing red eyes. Swimmers can use lubricating eye drops before and even after their swim to prevent red eyes. To prevent the build-up of chloramines, swimmers should follow healthier and cleaner swimming practices. Pool managers and homeowners with indoor pools should use quality cartridge replacements to keep the pool water clean. Some recent studies suggest that pool water that is sterilized with chlorine could result in skin irritation and aggravate skin conditions like psoriasis, acne, and eczema.
This is possible because chlorine is a strong chemical which can destroy oils that naturally reside on the human skin. But this is mostly the case when you are overexposed to chlorinated water. Mixing or cross-contamination of these products can form an explosive mixture. Swimming pool products can also be oxidizers, and corrosive to tissue or metals. In all cases, read and understand the Safety Data Sheets SDSs , all product information literature and product labels for procedures to follow for safe use and in case of spills or splashes.
Oxidizing products such as calcium hypochlorite have the ability to react chemically to oxidize combustible burnable materials. To be an "oxidizer", the product itself provides oxygen which combines chemically with another material in a way that increases the chance of a fire or explosion. This reaction may be spontaneous at either room temperature or may occur with slight heating. Thus, oxidizing products can be severe fire and explosion hazards.
Some pool products can also be corrosive to metals, or cause skin, eye or respiratory irritation. The effects on tissues and metals depends on what the product is and how concentrated it is.
The Facts About Chlorine
They can begin to cause damage as soon as they touch the skin, eyes, respiratory tract, digestive tract, or the metal. Any spills larger than 50 kg should be handled as an emergency and the fire department called immediately. If in doubt of what to do, call the fire department or your local chemical spill emergency response centre. It is best to know what to do in advance and what the appropriate first aid procedures are - be prepared!
Pool Care Basics
For more information please refer to the first aid section of our OSH Answer document on chlorine. General information on first aid for chemical exposures is also available. Add a badge to your website or intranet so your workers can quickly find answers to their health and safety questions. Although every effort is made to ensure the accuracy, currency and completeness of the information, CCOHS does not guarantee, warrant, represent or undertake that the information provided is correct, accurate or current.
CCOHS is not liable for any loss, claim, or demand arising directly or indirectly from any use or reliance upon the information. OSH Answers Fact Sheets Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. Search all fact sheets: Search.
Chlorination & Pee in the Pool: The Chemistry of Swimming Pools
Type a word, a phrase, or ask a question. There are two main types of chlorinating agents: inorganic chlorinating agents such as calcium hypochlorite, lithium hypochlorite, sodium hypochlorite, and organic chlorinating agents such as trichloroisocyanuric acid, potassium dichloroisocyanurate, sodium dichlorocyanurate [as anhydrous or dihydrate forms]. DO Always check the label before using a product. Read and follow instructions carefully. If there is anything you do not understand, ask your pool product supplier for help.
- Mobile Car Wash Company Manual - Vehicle and Equipment Maintenance - Volume II (Lance Winslow Small Business Series - Mobile Car Wash Manual Book 2);
- Songs of Words and Demons - Poems from the Canadian West Coast.
- Saltwater Chlorination.
Keep all hazardous products or chemicals out of the reach of children and pets. Containers should always be kept closed when not in use. Store each type of pool chemical separately.
Read the SDS for storage information. Keep the storage area clean. Use separate, clean metal or plastic measuring cups for each chemical to transfer or measure chemicals. Scoops should not be made of wood. Wear appropriate protective equipment and clothing including goggles, gloves and footwear.
Protect chemicals from moisture and water - such as a cup of water or coffee. Even putting the wet scoop back into the pail may cause a reaction. Always add the product to the pool water - never the other way around never add water to the product unless instructed to do so on the product label or SDS. Wash your hands thoroughly after handling any products. Use or handle products in well ventilated areas only. Dispose of unwanted, unlabelled, or old products safely.
- Mind and Nature: Selected Writings on Philosophy, Mathematics, and Physics.
- Nas Trevas da Noite (Portuguese Edition).
- Chlorine pools – pros and cons.
Follow any local laws that may apply. Do not reuse containers.
Do not mix different products together. Do not use a product if you do not know what it is. If the label is missing, dispose of the product. Do not store products where they may leak and mix with other products stored below.
How Chlorine Keeps Pools Safe for Summertime Fun
Do not put spilled products back into their containers. Avoid touching the undiluted products with your hands.
Do not smoke, eat, or drink when handling products. Do not expose to heat or flame or store with incompatible materials such as gasoline, oil grease, fertilizer, herbicides, paint, solvents e. If a fire breaks out, do not use a "dry chemical" fire extinguisher.
Related Pool Chlorination Facts
Copyright 2019 - All Right Reserved