The national security state has a profound, sometimes petty, impact on what Hollywood conveys politically. Ranch Hand had been the name of a real chemical warfare programme during the Vietnam war. The trickle of recent books has pushed back but only fractionally and tentatively. But we still do not know the specific impact of the government on a substantial portion of films and shows. The government has seemed especially careful to avoid writing down details of actual changes made to scripts in the 21st century.
That ugly DNA has embedded far and wide. It seems the two cities on opposite sides of the United States are closer than we ever thought. Matthew Alford is a teaching fellow in propaganda and theory at the University of Bath. This piece originally appeared on The Conversation. You can find our Community Guidelines in full here. Want to discuss real-world problems, be involved in the most engaging discussions and hear from the journalists?
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Long reads. Lib Dems. US Politics. Theresa May. Jeremy Corbyn. Robert Fisk. Mark Steel. Janet Street-Porter. John Rentoul. Chuka Ummuna. Shappi Khorsandi. Gina Miller. Our view. Despite losing the popular vote to Hillary Clinton by almost 2. After one of the most contentious presidential races in U. In his speech, he outlined the issues he would tackle as president, including violence in America, the economy, immigration, trade, terrorism, and the appointment of Supreme Court justices. Trump took the oath of office placing his hand on the Bible that was used at Abraham Lincoln 's inauguration and his own family Bible, which was presented to him by his mother in when he graduated from Sunday school at his family's Presbyterian church.
In his inaugural speech on January 20th, Trump sent a populist message that he would put the American people above politics. He went on to paint a bleak picture of an America that had failed many of its citizens, describing families trapped in poverty, an ineffective education system, and crime, drugs and gangs. The day after Trump's inauguration, millions of protesters demonstrated across the United States and around the world. The Women's March on Washington drew over half a million people to protest Trump's stance on a variety issues ranging from immigration to environmental protection.
In the first days of his presidency, Trump issued a number of back-to-back executive orders to make good on some of his campaign promises, as well as several orders aimed at rolling back policies and regulations that were put into place during the Obama administration. In addition, Trump signed orders to implement a federal hiring freeze, withdraw from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and reinstate the Mexico City policy that bans federal funding of nongovernmental organizations abroad that promote or perform abortions.
He signed an order to scale back financial regulation under the Dodd-Frank Act , created by the Obama administration and passed by Congress after the financial crisis of And he called for a lifetime foreign-lobbying ban for members of his administration and a five-year ban for all other lobbying. On March 16, , the president released his proposed budget.
This time, this place : my life in war, the White House, and Hollywood, Jack Valenti
The budget outlined his plans for increased spending for the military, veterans affairs and national security, including building a wall on the border with Mexico. It also made drastic cuts to many government agencies including the Environmental Protection Agency and the State Department, as well as the elimination of the National Endowment for the Arts, the National Endowment for the Humanities, funding for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the Community Development Block Grant program which supports Meals on Wheels.
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The year-old conservative judge was appointed by President George W. The nomination came after Merrick Garland, President Obama's nominee to replace the late Antonin Scalia , was denied a confirmation hearing by Senate Republicans. As Gorsuch's legal philosophy was considered to be similar to Scalia's, the choice drew strong praise from the conservative side of the aisle.
After Gorsuch gave three days of testimony before the Senate Judiciary Committee in March, the Senate convened on April 6 to advance his nomination. Democrats mostly held firm to deny the 60 votes necessary to proceed, resulting in the first successful partisan filibuster of a Supreme Court nominee. But Republicans quickly countered with another historic move, invoking the "nuclear option" to lower the threshold for advancing Supreme Court nominations from 60 votes to a simple majority of A textualist and orginalist in the mold of Scalia, the nomination continued the rightward push of the Supreme Court.
Democrats vowed to fight the nomination, and Kavanaugh was nearly derailed by accusations of sexual assault. He earned confirmation in a close vote that October. Trump told reporters, "I don't believe it. In June , Trump met with Prince Charles and reportedly discussed climate change at length. It used to be called global warming, that wasn't working, then it was called climate change and now actually it is called extreme weather. On June 1, , Trump withdrew from the Paris Climate Agreement, which President Obama had joined along with the leaders of other countries.
The accord requires all participating nations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in an effort to curb climate change over the ensuing century and also to allocate resources for the research and development of alternative energy sources. However, Nicaragua eventually joined the Paris Climate Agreement months later. The pipelines had been halted by President Obama following protests from environmental and Native American groups. Trump owned shares of Energy Transfer Partners, the company in charge of construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline, but sold his stake in the company in December On March 28, , the president, surrounded by American coal miners, signed the "Energy Independence" executive order, calling for the Environmental Protection Agency to roll back Obama's Clean Power Plan, curb climate and carbon emissions regulations and to rescind a moratorium on coal mining on U.
This included changes to legislation that gave the government increased discretion over matters of climate change and economic cost when determining whether a species should be protected. However, the controversial bill ultimately didn't have enough Republican votes and was withdrawn a few weeks later, representing a major legislative setback for Speaker Ryan and Trump. After intense negotiations among party factions, a new Republican health care plan was brought to a vote in the House of Representatives on May 4, , and passed by a slim margin of to That passed the buck to the Senate.
Almost immediately after a draft was unveiled on June 22, conservative senators such as Ted Cruz declared they could not support the bill's failure to significantly lower premiums, while moderates like Susan Collins voiced concerns over its steep cuts to Medicaid. However, on September 26, Senate Republicans announced they would not move forward with the current plan, as they were short of the required votes. He also announced that he would get rid of health insurance subsidies. For years, the mandate was threatened by lawsuits from conservative and religious groups.https://ticerlimor.gq
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He has supported bans on abortions after 20 weeks of pregnancy and has cited his appointments of conservative Supreme Court judges Neil Gorsuch and Brett Kavanaugh as helping to make abortion laws in some states more restrictive. Trump changed his beliefs on abortion from pro-choice to anti-abortion in On April 26, , Trump announced his tax plan in a one-page outline that would dramatically change tax codes.
The plan called for streamlining seven income tax brackets to three — 10, 25 and 35 percent. The initial outline did not specify which income ranges would fall under those brackets. The plan also proposed to lower the corporate tax rate from 35 to 15 percent, eliminate the alternative-minimum tax and estate tax, and simplify the process for filing tax returns. The proposal did not address how the tax cuts might reduce federal revenue and increase debt. On December 2, , Trump achieved the first major legislative victory of his administration when the Senate passed a sweeping tax reform bill.
Approved along party lines by a vote, the bill drew criticism for extensive last-minute rewrites, with frustrated Democrats posting photos of pages filled with crossed-out text and handwriting crammed into the margins. Among other measures, the Senate bill called for the slashing of the corporate tax rate from 35 to 20 percent, doubling personal deductions and ending the Obamacare mandate.
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It also included a controversial provision that allowed for "unborn children" to be named as beneficiaries of college savings accounts, which critics called an attempt to support the pro-life movement. Now these great Republicans will be going for final passage. Thank you to House and Senate Republicans for your hard work and commitment! Reportedly angry that the bill did not fully fund his long-promised Mexican border wall, he nevertheless signed the bill into law on March 23, hours before another government shutdown would have gone into effect.
On February 22, the Trump administration rolled back federal protection for transgender students to use bathrooms that correspond to their gender identity, allowing states and school districts to interpret federal anti-discrimination law. On March 27, Trump signed several measures under the Congressional Review Act to reverse regulations related to education, land use and a "blacklisting rule" requiring federal contractors to disclose violations of federal labor, wage and workplace safety laws. Later that year, the president tweeted that he would enact a ban on transgender people from serving in the military.
The official policy went into effect the following March with the statement that "transgender persons with a history or diagnosis of gender dysphoria — individuals who the policies state may require substantial medical treatment, including medications and surgery — are disqualified from military service except under certain limited circumstances.
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Following a legal challenge, the Supreme Court allowed the ban to go into effect in January , while allowing lower courts to hear additional arguments. Trump has vowed to defend the Second Amendment and gun ownership since taking office. However Trump has also at times said he would be willing to consider a range of measures to restrict gun access. His administration also banned bump stocks in October after a mass shooting at a Las Vegas music festival left 58 people dead. The Valentine's Day shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, which left a total of 17 students and faculty dead, sparked a strong response from Trump.
He ordered the Justice Department to issue regulations banning bump stocks, and suggested he was willing to consider a range of measures, from strengthening background checks to raising the minimum age for buying rifles.
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